By using the children's own history and experience as a starting point, we aim to give them the opportunity to develop an awareness of the past, an understanding of how and why things change, and how events shape the present and future. Children learn how to use appropriate vocabulary, gain an understanding of chronology and use resources such as IT, historical artefacts, personal accounts from visitors and relatives, books and photographs. They will study a range of historical topics and people, in a way that creates links with other aspects of learning including literacy, maths, art, design technology and drama. Trips to places of historical significance and visits by theatre groups will enhance children’s understanding of the past. The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils:
- know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day
- know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
- understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
- understand methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
- gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.